Although it is assumed that for eleven years Colombians have right to abort in three specific cases, it has been timid diffusion of law that allows it and for that reason many interrupt ir pregnancies in clandestinity. Juliana Martinez, of Bureau for life and health of women, says that although general perception in country about this right has improved, in reality re is a deficiency so that sentence that decriminalized abortion is fulfilled.
"It remains a challenge to end stigma towards women who do, medical institutions still have obstacles and poorest sectors have least access to this right," says Martinez, who this Thursday, when day is celebrated of global action for a legal, safe and gratuitous abortion, presents a study on this topic carried out with polling firm Cifras y Conceptos in 32 capitals cities of Colombia.
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65% of those interviewed recognize three grounds established by Constitutional Court for voluntary termination of pregnancy (IVE). When fetus presents malformations incompatible with life outside uterus, when life and health of woman are at risk for continued pregnancy or when woman became pregnant due to a rape. "However, due to lack of access to information and misinterpretation of law, re is still a great deal of ignorance," said spokeswoman for Bureau, which includes several organizations that study sexual health in country.
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In follow-up to implementation of sentence, y have identified that lack of information and training of medical service officials is one of barriers that women who want to abort. Although law is clear, it still dismisses causal mental health risk to terminate a pregnancy.
According to Profamilia, an authority on sexual and reproductive health, during 2016 an average of 6,500 abortions were attended. More than previous year, but not enough. "It is a worrying figure because it indicates a significant number of women who are still undergoing this process illegally or have children despite being within risky procedures for fetus and mor. We know that many more of this number require this service, "RCN Radio Juan Carlos Vargas, scientific director of entity, told RCN Radio.
For women's organizations, lack of official statistics on deaths from poorly performed abortions has not made it possible to size problem in a country where more than 50% of pregnancies are not desired, according to National Demographic and Health Survey that 17.4% of babies are children of adolescent mors.
Sixty-two percent of participants in Bureau's study of women's lives and health acknowledged that IVI is a decision only for women. "What shows that little by little in Colombia is understood that peace and progress are also directly connected with fact that women decide on ir body," says spokeswoman.
The survey also found that 80% of people interviewed said y considered it very important that ir presidential candidate defend women's rights and more than 70% said that it is important to specifically defend sexual and reproductive rights . When just beginning to hear proposals of those who are looking to occupy House of Nariño (presidential seat) next year, some candidates begin to talk about topic. Claudia López, until now only aspiring woman, has put sexual and reproductive rights at top of agenda. "You can not continue to have 20% of our children from parents who do not know, teenage boys. We are going to reduce adolescent pregnancy to less than a digit ", has promised candidate. It would be sufficient for State to ensure that law is enforced so that more women know what ir sexual rights are.